Article 46 of the 1992 constitution provides that in the performance of its functions, the Electoral Commission of Ghana, EC, shall not be subject to the control or direction of any authority except as provided in the constitution or any other law not inconsistent with the constitution.The Chairman and the two Deputy Chairmen have permanent tenure of office and enjoy the same conditions of service as justices of the Superior Courts. The Electoral Commission has the power to appoint its officers and other employees by acting in consultation with the Public Service Commission. The administrative expenses of the Electoral Commission, including salaries, allowances and pensions are chargeable to the Consolidated Fund.

The Commission strives to express the will of the people by conducting free, fair, and honest elections. We were formed to supervise electoral proceedings and guard against electoral fraud. Before 1968, the Minister of Local Government was responsible for the conduct of elections in the country. There were a lot of complaints of lack of transparency and fairness in the conduct of electoral process, which resulted in the setting up of a Committee of inquiry into Local Government and Electoral Reforms after the 1966 military take over.

It was in 1968 that the Interim Electoral Commission was set up as an independent body responsible for registration of Voters and the conduct and supervision of elections. This was a result of recommendations made by the Siriboe Committee of Enquiry into Local Government and Electoral Reforms in 1968.

Mr Justice V.C.R.A.C. Crabbe was appointed the Interim Commissioner in 1968 and under his supervision; the Commission conducted the 1969 elections. Then after, the Commission was made a permanent institution in 1971. Mr Justice Crabbe went back to the Bench and Mr G.A.K. Bonsu, who was then the Secretary to the Commission, was made the Electoral Commissioner in 1971.

Who Are the Members of the Commission?

According to Act 451- The Electoral Commission Act of 1993, the Electoral Commission shall comprise the following members:

  1. A chairman
  2. Two deputy chairmen
  3. Four other members
  4. These members are responsible for the day-to-day functions of the Electoral Commission. Learn more about the Commission’s administrative and governmental functions at the Functions of the Department page.

Electoral Commission of Ghana

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